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  • 试题题型【阅览了解Section D】
试题内容

    What determines the kind of person you are? What factors make you more or less bold, intelligent, or able to read a map? All of these are influenced by the interaction of your genes and the environment in which you were __1__. The study of how genes and environment interact to influence __2__ activity is known as behavioral genetics. Behavioral genetics has made important __3__ to the biological revolution, providing information about the extent to which biology influences mind, brain and behavior.

  Any research that suggests that __4__ to perform certain behaviors are based in biology is controversial. Who wants to be told that there are limitations to what you can __5__ based on something that is beyond your control, such as your genes? It is easy to accept that genes control physical characteristics such as sex, race and eye color. But can genes also determine whether people will get divorced, how __6__ they are, or what career they are likely to choose? A concern of psychological scientists is the __7__ to which all of these characteristics are influenced by nature and nurture(哺育), by genetic makeup and the environment. Increasingly, science __8__ that genes lay the groundwork for many human traits. From this perspective, people are born __9__ like undeveloped photographs: The image is already captured, but the way it __10__ appears can vary based on the development process. However, the basic picture is there from the beginning.

  [A] abilities

  [B] achieve

  [C] appeal

  [D] complaints

  [E] contributions

  [F] displayed

  [G] essentially

  [H] eventually

  [I] extent

  [J] indicates

  [K] proceeds

  [L] psychological

  [M] raised

  [N] smart

  [O] standard

1.[选词填空]___
    • 解题思路:"limitations to what you can achieve"意思是"对你所能到达的水平的约束"。
    2.[选词填空]___
      • 解题思路:eventually 副词,意思是"终究,最终"。
      3.[选词填空]___
        • 解题思路:"make contributions to"为固定调配,意为"为……做奉献"。
        4.[选词填空]___
          • 解题思路:essentially 的意思是"实际上,本质上"。全句意为"从这个视点来讲,人一出世,本质上就像是还没洗出来的相片:相现已照了,可是终究会出现多少就在于显影的进程了"。
          5.[选词填空]___
            • 解题思路:"ability to …"意思是"做某事的才能",在此处,全句意思是"任何一篇声称人类做出某种行为的才能是依据生物学的研讨都是有争议的"。
            6.[选词填空]___
              • 解题思路:smart 此处需填一个形容词,并且用来形容人,依据题意,smart契合题意,标明"机伶,心爱"。
              7.[选词填空]___
                • 解题思路:"psychological activity"意思是"心理活动",全句意思是"研讨基因和外部环境怎么相互效果影响人心理活动的学科被称为行为遗传学"。
                8.[选词填空]___
                  • 解题思路:此处填extent,首要是因为后边有to,"to the extent …"译为"……的程度"。
                  9.[选词填空]___
                    • 解题思路:raise在这里的意思是"哺育",the environment in which you were raised 意思是"你生长的环境"。
                    10.[选词填空]___
                      • 解题思路:indicate 意思是"标明,显现"。全句意为"越来越多的科学(现象)标明基因对人类许多特征有根底效果"。
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                      • 参考答案:B,H,E,G,A,N,L,I,M,J