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  • 试题题型【阅览了解 Section A】
试题内容
    Every human being, no matter what he is doing, gives off body heat. The usual problem is how to dispose of it. But the designers of the Johnstown campus of the University of Pittsburgh set themselves the opposite problem-how to collect body heat. They have designed a collection system which utilizes not only body heat, but the heat given off by such objects as light bubs and refrigerators as well. The system works so well that no conventional fuel is needed to make the campus's six buildings comfortable.

  Some parts of most modern buildings-theaters and offices as well as classrooms are more than amply heated by people and lights and sometimes must be air-conditioned even in winter. The technique of saving heat and redistributing it is called "heat recovery." A few modern buildings recover heat, but the University's system is the first to recover heat from some buildings and re-use it in others.

  Along the way, pit has learned a great deal about some of its heat producers. The harder a student studies, the more heat his body gives off. (76) Male students emit more heat than female students, and the larger a student, the more heat he produces. It is tempting to conclude that the hottest prospect for the Johnstown campus would be a hardworking, overweight male genius.


1.[单选题]The phrase "heat recovery" refers to a ______. 
  • A.method of concealing the source of heat
  • B.special form of air conditioning
  • C.supplementary hot water system
  • D.way of reclaiming and re-using heat
  • 解题思路:收回再使用热能。此题调查学生对全文的总结才能,以及reclaim和re-use的词义。
2.[单选题]Until recently, body heat has caused problems because it ______.
  • A.was difficult to collect 
  • B.came in a variety of forms
  • C.was difficult to get rid of
  • D.tended to be absorbed by physical objects
  • 解题思路:答案是最初的第二句:The usual problem is how to dispose of it。Dispose of "处了处理"。
3.[单选题]The phrase "even in winter" (in line 8) most nearly means ______.
  • A.if the winter is especially warm
  • B.during all of the year except the winter
  • C.in the winter as well as in other seasons 
  • D.during the evenings in the winter
  • 解题思路:第二段中说:大多数现代化的大楼有些部分-戏院、办公室以及教室是用人体和灯火的热来供热的,有时候乃至在冬季的空调也是由它们来供热。Even意为"乃至"。
4.[单选题]Which of the following is true of the heating system of the Johnstown campus? 
  • A.The heat is supplied by human bodies only. 
  • B.The heat is supplied by both human bodies and other heat-emitting objects. 
  • C.The heat is supplied by both human bodies and conventional fuel. 
  • D.The heat is supplied by human bodies, other heat-emitting objects, and conventional fuel.
  • 解题思路:案在榜首段的第三句中。他们规划了一种搜集体系,它不光使用身体的热,还搜集由灯泡、冰箱等宣布出来的热。有了这两种热能,作者指出在学校中已无需任何conventional fuel
5.[单选题] According to the passage which of the following would produce the LEAST amount of heat?  
  • A.A fat female who studies hard.
  • B.A thin female who does not study. 
  • C. A fat male who does not study. 
  • D. A thin male who studies hard.
  • 解题思路:最终一段倒数第二句说:男学生宣布的热量比女生宣布的热量多,学生体重越重发生的热量越多。学习吃苦的比学习不吃苦的发生的热量多。所以最瘦的女生发生的热量最少。
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  • 参考答案:D,A,C,B,B