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  • 试题题型【阅览了解 Section C】
试题内容
    The rich have traditionally passed their wealth on to their children. But an increasing number of billionaires are choosing not to. The reason? They want their children to live on themselves -and not to turn into spoiled heirs and heiresses.
    Nicola Horlick -- or "supermum" to the tabloids (小报), owing to the fact that she has high-flying jobs and five kids -- has spent her career making a reported ¥250m; she now seems determined to throw off large parts of it. She already gives away about 25% of her income each year; she has just revealed, in a report on the state of charity in the city, that she will not be leaving most of the remainder to her children: "I think it is wrong to give too much inherited wealth to children," Horlick told the report's authors. "I will not be leaving all my wealth to my children because that would just ruin their lives." 
    She is by no means the first to go public with this conviction. Bill Gates has ploughed an estimated $30bn into the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. This was supplemented, in 2009, by another $24bn or so from his friend Warren Buffett. 
    Buffett has always been colourfully, quotably clear on where he stands. His daughter often tells a story of finding herself without change for a car parking ticket -- her father lent her $20, then promptly made her write him a check. "To suggest that the children of the wealthy should be just as wealthy," he has said, "is like saying the members of America's 2004 Olympics team should be made up only of the children of the 1980 Olympics team."
Anita Roddick, the late founder of the Body Shop, told her kids that they would not inherit one penny. The money that she made from the company would go into the Body Shop Foundation, which isn't one of those awful tax shelters, like some in America. It just functions to take the money and give it away.
    Sir Tom Hunter, the first Scottish billionaire, announced last July that he will be giving his billion to charity; two weeks ago Barron Hilton said he would be doing the same with 97% of his $2.3bn fortune -- his granddaughter Paris's embarrassing antics (诙谐行为) having convinced him that bequeathing (惋惜) unearned wealth is not something he wants to do.
1.[单选题]According to Buffett's daughter, her father
  • A.is not very willing to lend her money
  • B.wants her to invest in the Olympic Games
  • C.never gives her more money than necessary
  • D.always makes sure that she returns his money
  • 解题思路:由第4段第2句说到的her father lent her$20,then promptly made her write him a check可知,巴菲特经过及时让女儿给他写账单来保证女儿能还他的钱,故答案为D.。A与her father lent her$20相对立,故扫除;巴菲特说到Olympics team,但并未说想让女儿出资,故扫除B;文中说到他女儿发现自己没有交停车费的零钱,但这并不能阐明巴菲特不给她剩余的钱,故扫除C。
2.[单选题]The billionaires mentioned in the passage don't want to leave much of their wealth to their children because_________.
  • A.they prefer to give their wealth to charity
  • B.they want their business to go on healthily
  • C.they believe too much wealth will harm their children
  • D.they hope their children can make money themselves
  • 解题思路:第1段第2句说到,越来越多的亿万富翁不把产业留给孩子,最终一句解说了原因:他们想让孩子自给自足,而不是变成被宠坏了的男女继承人,由此能够揣度,他们以为过多的财富会对孩子发生不良影响,故答案为C。A是针对文中说到亿万富翁把钱捐给慈善组织设的搅扰项;B在文中未提及;文中说到他们期望孩子靠自己日子,并未提及期望孩子自己挣钱,故扫除D。
3.[单选题]What do we learn about Nicola Horlick?
  • A.She has already given away about 25% of her wealth.
  • B.She is the first one who declares to give away her wealth.
  • C.She will leave only a small portion of her wealth to her kids.
  • D.She inherited most of her wealth from her parents.
  • 解题思路:第2段第2句说到….that she will not be leaving most of the remainder to her children(……她不会将剩余的大部分财物留给她的孩子),C(她只将产业的小部分留给她的孩子)是对that从句内容的同义转述,故为答案。第2段说到她现已捐献了年收入的25%,而不是产业的25%,故扫除A;B与第3段第1句说到的She is by no means the first to go public with this conviction.相对立,故扫除;D.在文中未提及,故扫除。
4.[单选题] It is implied in the fifth paragraph that some foundations are used by the rich to ____________.
  • A.provide shelter for the poor
  • B.build good fame
  • C.avoid paying tax
  • D.support their business
  • 解题思路:由第5段第2句说到的“她从公司挣的钱将会投入到美体小铺基金会中去,该基金会将不会像一些美国的基金会相同是糟糕的避税所”可知,许多相似的基金会都是tax shelters(避税所),由此可揣度出。有钱人会使用一些基金会来逃税,故答案为C。A是对tax shelters的过错了解;B和D在第5段均未提及,故扫除。
5.[单选题]Buffett distinguishes himself for
  • A.his clear-cut position
  • B.being strict with his children
  • C.his talent in financial management
  • D.being a giant in the stock market
  • 解题思路:第4段第l句说到,Buffett has always been colourfully,quotably clear on where he stands;A(他清晰的态度)是对been…clear on where he stands(清楚他应站在哪里)的同义转述,故为答案。
大学英语六级在线题库
  • 参考答案:D,C,C,C,A